Noun là gì

     

Nắm vững những loại từ bỏ trong tiếng Anh là phần đặc trưng để đặt gốc rễ cho chúng ta phát triển vốn ngữ pháp của chính bản thân mình về sau. Bài học lúc này sẽ giúp bạn củng cố kiến thức về danh từ cũng tương tự cách sử dụng các loại danh tự trong bài bác thi IELTS như vậy nào nhằm mục đích học tập đúng phía và công dụng hơn, ôn thi IELTS tốt hơn.

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Bài họcngữ pháp buộc phải chú ýkhác:

I. NOUN LÀ GÌ? VỊ TRÍ VÀ LOẠI DANH TỪ

1. Noun - Danh tự là gì?

Noun - Danh trường đoản cú trong giờ đồng hồ Anh tương tự như với giờ Việt dùng làm chỉ sự vật, sự việc, nhỏ người. Danh tự được áp dụng trong câu với đông đảo vị trí không giống nhau. Danh từ tạo thành 5 loại trong các số đó có danh từ bỏ chung,danh trường đoản cú riêng, danh từ trừu tượng, tập hợp và danh từ ghép.

Danh trường đoản cú trong giờ Anh phân biệt danh từ bỏ đếm được với không đếm được. Ví dụ như sau:

Countable nouns (Danh từ bỏ đếm được)

-Tồn tại ở cả 2 dạng: số ít với số nhiều (a house, some houses). Mặc dù nhiên, bao hàm danh tự chỉ gồm dạng số nhiều (socks, trousers).

- những danh từ này hoàn toàn có thể được chia động tự số không nhiều hoặc số nhiều.

E.g: The house is big.

The houses in the neighborhood are very big.

- những danh từ này hoàn toàn có thể được sửa chữa thay thế bằng đại trường đoản cú số không nhiều hoặc số nhiều.

E.g: The notebook is Jack’s. It is so beautiful!

These notebooks are Jack’s. They are so colorful!

- Dạng số không nhiều của danh từ hoàn toàn có thể đứng sau các mạo từ bỏ a, an, the. (a bike, an apple, the tree)

Uncountable nouns (Danh từ ko đếm được)

- Có một trong những danh từ không đếm được có dạng số các (maths, physics, news).

- Chỉ được chia động trường đoản cú số ít.

E.g: The news brings sadness to lớn me and my friends.

- Chỉ hoàn toàn có thể được sửa chữa thay thế bằng đại từ bỏ số ít.

E.g: My most favorite subject is Physics. It is so interesting.

- Chỉ hoàn toàn có thể đo đếm qua các đơn vị đo lường cụ thể và đếm được (a bottle of water, a piece of paper, a bar of soap)

- cấp thiết đứng sau các mạo trường đoản cú a, an. (hair, không hẳn a hair)

2. địa điểm trong câu

- Danh trường đoản cú là nhà ngữ đứng trước hễ từ chính.

Ví dụ: Approximately 2000 people went khổng lồ the concert.

- Danh trường đoản cú là tân ngữ (direct object) lép vế động trường đoản cú chính.

Ví dụ: Doing exercise brings many benefits to our health.

- Danh từ bỏ là tân ngữ của giới trường đoản cú (object of preposition) đứng trong các giới từ.

Ví dụ: Global warming has affected the lives of many people on Earth.

3. Phân một số loại danh từ

Trong giờ Anh, danh trường đoản cú được tạo thành 5 nhiều loại cơ bạn dạng như sau:

Loại danh từ

Giải thích

Ví dụ

Proper nouns

(Danh từ bỏ riêng)

Chỉ tên riêng rẽ của người, địa điểm, vật.

Paris, Gordon Ramsay, Eiffel Tower,…

Common nouns

(Danh từ chung)

Chỉ thương hiệu của một vật thông thường chung.

Computer, food, vehicle,…

Abstract nouns

(Danh tự trừu tượng)

Chỉ phần đông thứ trừu tượng không nhìn thấy được bằng mắt thường nhưng có thể cảm dìm được.

Knowledge, love, sympathy

Collective nouns

(Danh tự tập hợp)

Chỉ thương hiệu một tập hợp những cá thể không giống nhau.

Class, group, gang.

Compound nouns

(Danh tự ghép)

Là các danh trường đoản cú được ghép lại với nhau để tạo ra thành 1 danh tự khác.

Motorcycle, bedroom.

II. CÁCH HÌNH THÀNH DANH TỪ

1. Chế tạo danh từ bỏ từ các hậu tố

STT

Hậu tố

Danh từ

1

ant

Assist -> Assistant

2

– ance/ ence

Maintain -> Maintenance

Prefer -> Preference

3

– ion

Industrialize -> Industrialization

4

– ure

Fail -> Failure

5

– ment

Disagree -> Disagreement

6

ism

Captial -> Capitalism

7

ship

Friend -> Friendship

8

– ness

Happy -> Happiness

9

– ity/- ty/-y

Identify -> Identity

10

– th

Wide -> Width

11

– ery

Bake -> Bakery

2. Tạo thành danh nhàn rỗi danh từ

(A/an/the) + Noun1 + Noun2

Noun1: Đóng sứ mệnh như tính từ té nghĩa cho Noun2

Noun2: Danh tự chính

Ví dụ: The city center (Trung thực bụng phố)

A taxi driver (Người lái xe taxi)

3. Tạo danh nhàn nhã V-ing

Những danh từ có V-ing đứng trước hay để thể hiện mục đích áp dụng của danh trường đoản cú đó.

Ví dụ: A frying pan (= a pan used for frying)

A washing machine (= a machine used for washing clothes)

4. Sinh sản danh từ tốn số đếm (Dạng: Number + Noun + Noun)

Ví dụ: A ten-hour flight (Chuyến bay kéo dãn 10 tiếng)

A seven-storey building (Tòa bên cao 7 tầng)

A four hundred-page dictionary (Quyển tự điển dày 400 trang)

A ten-year old boy (Cậu nhỏ bé 10 tuổi)

Lưu ý:

Danh trường đoản cú đứng ngay lập tức sau số đếm cùng dấu gạch men ngang Ở DẠNG SỐ ÍT. (A ten-year old boy)

*

III. LUYỆN TẬP

Exercise 1: mang lại dạng đúng của các từ trong ngoặc ở đa số câu bên dưới đây.

1. Detroit is renowned for the _____________ of car. (produce)

2. If you make a good ________________ at the interview, you will get the job. (impress)

3. The _________________ looked dark and there were hardly any other guests. (enter)

4. My history teacher has a vast ________________ of past events. (know)

5. You are never too old lớn go to lớn college and gain some _______________. ( qualify)

6. My greatest ________________ was graduating from university. (achieve)

7. The weatherman said there is a strong _______________ of rain today. (possible)

8. Despite her severe _________________, she fulfilled her goals in life. (disable)

9. I am really into eating dairy______________. (produce)

10. Due khổng lồ the pilot"s _____________, the copilot managed khổng lồ land safely. (guide)

Exercise 2: Chọn dạng phù hợp của danh từ giữa những chố trống sau để tạo nên thành một bài xích IELTS Writing task 2 hoàn chỉnh.

Some people believe that developments in the field of artificial intelligence will have a positive impact on our lives in the near future. Others, by contrast, are worried that we are not prepared for a world in which computers are more intelligent than humans. Discuss both of these views và give your own opinion.

People seem to be either excited or worried about the future impact of artificial (1-intelligent)………... Personally I can understand the two (2-oppose)……….points of view; I am both fascinated by developments in artificial intelligence và apprehensive about its possible negative effects.

On the one hand, the increasing intelligence of giải pháp công nghệ should bring some obvious benefits. Machines are clearly able to do many jobs better than humans can, especially in areas that require high levels of (3-accurate)…………or calculations using large amounts of data. For example, robots are being developed that can carry out surgical procedures with greater (4-precise)………..than a human doctor, và we already have cars that use sensors and cameras lớn drive themselves. Such technologies can improve safety by reducing the (5-likely)…………..of human errors. It is easy to imagine how these developments, & many others, will steadily improve our quality of life.

On the other hand, I chia sẻ the concerns of people who believe that artificial intelligence may harm us if we are not careful. In the short term, it is likely that we will see a rise in (6-employ)…………..as workers in various industries are replaced by machines or software programs. For example, self-driving vehicles are expected to cause (7-redundant)…………….in driving jobs, such as lorry drivers, taxi drivers và bus drivers. In the medium term, if intelligent technologies gradually take jobs away from humans, we may find that people become deskilled và lose their sense of purpose in life. A longer term fear is that computers become so intelligent that they begin khổng lồ make (8-decide)…………without human oversight and without regard for our well-being.

In conclusion, while intelligent machines will no doubt improve our lives in many ways, the potential risks of such technologies should not be ignored.

Exercise 3: Đoạn văn sau bao gồm 3 lỗi sai. Tìm với sửa chúng.

In many đô thị all over the world, spectacular fireworks displays take place as soon as the clock passes midnight on 31 December. In recent years, Sydney in nước australia has been the host to lớn one of the first of these celebrate as New Year arrives there before most other major international cities. The display takes place in Sydney Harbor, with the Opera House & Harbor Bridge making it a stunning set. Fireworks light up the skies in hundreds of cities as 12 midnight strikes around the globe.

1………………. 2………………. 3………………….

Exercise 4: dựa vào những từ mang lại sẵn, hãy viết thành câu hoàn chỉnh.

1. The bar chart/ illustrate/ gross domestic hàng hóa generated from the IT and Service Industry/the UK from 1992 to 2000. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

2. It is measured in percentages. Overall, it can be seen/ both increase/ as a percentage/ GDP, but/ IT/ remain/ at/ higher rate throughout/ time.………………………………………………………………………………………..

3. At/ beginning/ the/ period, in 1992, the Service Industry account/ for/ 4 per cent/ GDP, whereas IT exceed/ this, at just over 6 per cent. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

4. Over/ next four/ year/, the levels become/ more/ similar, with/ both/ components/ standing/ between 6 / just/ over/ 8 per cent. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

5. IT/ still/ higher/ overall, though it/ drop/ slightly/ 1994/ 1996.……………………………………………………………………………………….. 

Exercise 5: mỗi câu sau đựng một lỗi sai. Tìm và sửa chúng.

1. There are many dirts on the floor.…………………………………………2. We want more fuels than that.…………………………………………3. He drank two milks.…………………………………………4. Ten inks are needed for our class.…………………………………………5. He sent me many foods.…………………………………………6. Many golds are found there.…………………………………………7. He gave me a great giảm giá khuyến mãi of troubles.…………………………………………8. Cows eat grasses.…………………………………………9. The rain has left many waters.…………………………………………10. I didn"t have many luggages.…………………………………………

Exercise 6: Chọn đáp án đúng cho mỗi câu sau.

1. If you want khổng lồ hear the news, you can read (paper/ a paper).

2. I want khổng lồ write some letters but I haven"t got (a paper/ any paper) to lớn write on.

3. I thought there was somebody in the house because there was (light/a light) on inside.

4. (Light/a light) comes from the sun.

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5. I was in a hurry this morning. I didn"t have (time/ a time) for breakfast.

6. "Did you enjoy your holiday?" - "Yes, we had (wonderful time/ a wonderful time)."

7. Sue was very helpful. She gives us some very useful (advice/advices).

8. We had (very bad weather/a very bad weather) while we were on holiday.

9. We were very unfortunate. We had (bad luck/a bad luck).

10. It"s very difficult to lớn find a (work/job) at the moment.

11. I had to lớn buy (a/some) bread because I wanted khổng lồ make some sandwiches.

12. Bad news (don"t/doesn"t) make people happy.

13. (Your hair is/ your hairs) are too long. You should have (it/them) cut.

14. Nobody was hurt in the accident but (the damage / the damages) to lớn the oto (was/were) quite bad.

15. She gives me (a piece of advice/ an advice) about this.

Exercise 7: Điền mạo từ thích hợp vào số đông chỗ trống sau.

(1)……………..bar chart shows the number of British people who emigrated lớn five destinations over (2)…………….period 2004 khổng lồ 2007. It is evident from the chart that throughout the period, the most popular place to lớn move to was Australia.

Emigration to nước australia stood at just over 40,000 people in 2004, which was approximately 6,000 higher than for Spain, & twice as high as the other three countries. Apart from a jump khổng lồ around 52,000 in 2006, it remained around this cấp độ throughout the period.

(3)…………….next most popular country for Britons lớn move khổng lồ was (4)………….Spain, though its popularity declined over the time frame to finish at below 30,000 in 2007. Despite this, the figure was still higher than for the remaining three countries. Approximately 20,000 people emigrated lớn New Zealand each year, while the USA fluctuated between 20-25,000 people over the period.

Although (5)………….number of visitors lớn France spiked to lớn nearly 35,000 in 2005, it was the country that was the least popular to emigrate to at the end of the period, at just under 20,000 people.

Exercise 8: Điền mạo từ phù hợp vào nơi trống để tạo ra thành một bài bác Writing task 2 trả chỉnh.

There are several reasons that are causing the environmental harms và this has become (1)………….urgent issue to discuss and bring (2)……………..solution about. The number of ever increasing cars is one of (3)…………….reasons that leads lớn affect the environment negatively and there are some assumptions that increasing the fuel price would solve this problem. But the reality would be different, & increased fuel price will cause lots of other problems while it would contribute very little lớn reduce the environmental pollutions và hazards. So this can’t be the best solution in any way.

First of all, the maximum numbers of cars are owned by the rich people and fuel price would not restrain them from using the cars. The price of (4)…………..fuel, in fact, increased significantly over the past 12 years và that has done nothing khổng lồ reduce the oto usages. On the contrary, the number of cars running on the roads has increased more than expected. Besides, (5)…………fuel price determines the market prices of other daily necessary products và increasing the price would only bring misery to the low & medium earning class population. Electronic wastages, industries, household electrical devices, deforestation, chemical wastages, unthoughtful activities of people are causing more damage to the mother earth than the gas omission by the cars. We should focus on those aspects as well before increasing the price of fuel just based on (6)……………assumption.

The main idea of increasing the fuel price is to lớn reduce (7)…………….number of cars running in the street và to restrain the oto owners from using the cars less. But that would prove to be (8)………..ridiculous solution especially when car owners are mostly high earning class & they would not bother about the fuel price.

The best solution khổng lồ address this utmost concerning issue is khổng lồ introduce (9)…………environment friendly energy source lượt thích solar energy system, khổng lồ improve the public transportation system và train system so that people mostly use these systems instead of always using their own cars, increasing the awareness of the people so that they do not directly contribute to lớn harm the environment, & making strict rules so that deforestation, chemical wastages & other harmful ways of (10)……….environmental pollutions get reduced.

Exercise 9: mang lại dạng đúng của những từ trong ngoặc.

1. After Monday, I will no longer be a foreigner - I am receiving my ________________! (citizen)

2. My father"s death left me with a great_________________ in my heart. (empty)

3. Americans fought hard lớn earn their _________________from Britain. (free)

4. The weather ________________looks bad for a picnic--rainy & windy! (cast)

5. The new job is a ___________ for her. (promote)

6. The national ____________ in the face of danger is necessary. (solid)

7. He came first in the poetry __________. (compete)

8. After considerable ______________ they decided khổng lồ accept our offer.(discuss)

9. Fill in your name, address and __________ on the form. (nation)

10. Can I see your ____________card, please ? (identify)

Exercise 10: Tìm cùng sửa 5 lỗi không nên trong bài viết sau để tạo thành thành một bài viết IELTS Writing task 1 trả chỉnh.

The line graph shows the percent of tourists to lớn England who visited certain Brighton attracts between 1980 and 2010. We can see that in 1980 và in 2010 the favorite attractions were the pavilion & the festival. In 1980 the least popular attraction was the pier but in 2010 this changed and the art gallery was the least popular.

During the 1980s và 1990s there was a sharpen increase in visitors khổng lồ the pavilion from 28% to 48% and then the percentage gradually went down to lớn 31% in 2010. The trend for the art gallery was similar to lớn the pavilion. Visitors increased rapidly from 22% to 37% from 1980 to 1985 then gradually decreased lớn less than 10% over the next twenty-five years. The amount of tourists who visited the Brighton Festival fluctuated slightly but in general remained steady at about 25%. Visitor khổng lồ the pier also fluctuated from 1980 to 2000 then rose significantly from 12% lớn 22% between 2000 and 2010.

Exercise 11: Dịch các câu sau đây sang giờ Anh có sử dụng dạng Noun + Noun.

1. Tôi mới tậu một quyển từ điển dày 500 trang.

=>________________________________________________________________

2. Chuyến cất cánh 3 giờ đồng hồ từ vn sang Singapore làm cho cô ấy mệt nhọc mỏi.

=>________________________________________________________________

3. Bao gồm một tòa bên 9 tầng sinh hoạt cuối phố.

=>______________________________________________________________

4. Hotel 5 sao là mọi khách sạn vô cùng sang trọng.

=>______________________________________________________________

5. Sarah tất cả một cậu con trai 3 tuổi.

=>______________________________________________________________

Exercise 12: mang đến dạng đúng của các từ trong ngoặc để chế tạo ra thành một bài xích IELTS Speaking part 2 trả chỉnh.

Let me tell you about a language I’ve always wanted lớn learn, which is (1-Russia)___________. It’s spoken in Russia, obviously, but also in many other countries which have been influenced by Russia including places lượt thích Mongolia and Kazakhstan. It’s quite a difficult language khổng lồ learn because the (2-alphabetical)_____________is not the Roman one, which means that you have khổng lồ learn to lớn read and write from scratch, a but lượt thích studying Chinese or Japanese. Well, the reason I would lượt thích to learn Russian is that the energy (3-industrial)___________is huge and there are lots of jobs. A lot of my country’s oil and gas comes from Russia so it’s really useful to be able to lớn speak that language if you want to work in the energy field. I have actually been to Russia before so I know from experience that a lot of Russians can’t speak English very well, so that’s another good (4-reasonable)__________to learn their language. The only (5-problematic)____________ is I’m already thirty years old & I’ve spent more than fifteen years learning English. I don’t know if I would ever be able to learn Russian successfully because it’s a difficult language for anyone to learn, especially someone older like me. But it would be really great lớn try.

ĐÁP ÁN

1. Exercise 1

1. Production2. Impression3. Entrance4. Knowledge5. Qualifications6. Achievement7. Possibility8. Disability9. Products10. Guidance

Exercise 2

1. Intelligence2. Opposing3. Accuracy4. Precision5. Likelihood6. Unemployment7. Redundancies8. Decisions

Exercise 3

1. đô thị => cities2. Celebrate => celebrations3. Set => setting

Exercise 4

1. The bar chart illustrates the gross domestic hàng hóa generated from the IT and Service Industry in the UK from 1992 khổng lồ 2000.

2. It is measured in percentages. Overall, it can be seen that both increased as a percentage of GDP, but IT remained at a higher rate throughout this time.

3. At the beginning of the period, in 1992, the Service Industry accounted for 4 per cent of GDP, whereas IT exceeded this, at just over 6 per cent.

4. Over the next four years, the levels became more similar, with both components standing between 6 và just over 8 per cent.

5. IT was still higher overall, though it dropped slightly from 1994 lớn 1996.

Exercise5

1. There are many dirts on the floor. => There is a lot of dirt on the floor.

2. We want more fuels than that. => We want more fuel than that.

3. He drank two milks. => He drank two bottles of milk.

4. Ten inks are needed for our class. => Ten bottles of ink are…

5. He sent me many foods. => He sent me a lot of food.

6. Many golds are found there. => A lot of gold is found there.

7. He gave me a great deal of troubles. => He gave me a number of troubles.

8. Cows eat grasses. => Cows eat grass.

9. The rain has left many waters. => The rain has left a lot of water.

10. I didn"t have many luggages. => I didn’t have much luggage.

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Exercise6

1. A paper2. Any paper3. Light4. Light5. Time6. A wonderful time7. Advice8. Very bad weather9. Bad luck10. Job11. Some12. Doesn"t13. Your hair; it14. The damage; was15. A piece of advice

Exercise7

1. The2. The 3. The4. X5. The

Exercise8

1. An 2. A 3. The 4. X 5.the6. An 7. The 8. A 9. An 10. X

Exercise9

1. Citizenship2. Emptiness3. Freedom4. Forecast5. Promotion6. Solidarity7. Competition 8. Discussion9. Nationality10. Identity

Exercise10

1. Percent => percentage2. Attracts => attractions 3. Sharpen => sharp 4. Amount => number 5. Visitor => Visitors

Exercise11

1. I have just bought a 500-page dictionary.2. The three-hour flight from Vietnam to Singapore made her tired/ exhausted. 3. There is a nine-storey building at the corner of the street. 4. Five-star hotels are very luxurious. 5. Sarah has a three-year-old son.

Exercise12

1-Russian 2-alphabet3-industry 4-reason5-problem

Trên đó là bài học tập và bài bác tập về danh từ, cách sử dụng những loại danh từ bỏ trong giờ Anh và áp dụng bài thi IELTS của mình. Chúng ta hãy ghi lưu giữ để đạt được nền tảng bền vững cho loài kiến thức của bản thân mình nhé!