Heart attack là gì


According khổng lồ the World Health Organization (WHO), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) claim the lives of 17.9 million people each year (31% of all global deaths). In particular, myocardial infarction is one of the heart diseases that trương mục for the highest mortality rate. Learning about myocardial infarction will help you better understand this disease, from having a better way to prevent this dangerous disease.

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1. What is myocardial infarction?

In the heart structure, two large coronary arteries have the role of supplying oxygen to the heart muscle. When one of the large arteries or small branches is suddenly blocked, a part of the heart will be deprived of oxygen. This condition is called myocardial ischemia.

According to experts, if not treated in time, this condition will lead khổng lồ a heart attack. A heart attack is a severe medical emergency and should be treated as quickly as possible.

2. Heart attack symptom list

Shortness of breath.Jaw pain.Back-ache.Headache.Nausea.Vomiting.


Not everyone has the same symptoms of a heart attack. The pain can often be mild và mistaken for other conditions, including indigestion.

Women are more likely khổng lồ experience other symptoms, especially shortness of breath, nausea, back or jaw pain.

3. Is myocardial infarction dangerous? danh mục of complications of myocardial infarction

Complications of a heart attack are often severe and can be life-threatening.

Heart arrhythmia

This is an abnormal heart rhythm. Common arrhythmias are supraventricular arrhythmias, including sinus tachycardia, sinus bradycardia, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and ventricular arrhythmias such as ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation. Moreover, this complication can cause the heart to lớn stop beating at any moment.

Atrioventricular blocks

This complication is commonly divided into 3 different levels, with grade 3 being complete heart block, very bradycardia with ventricular escape rhythm. What makes these complications so dangerous is that they come on very suddenly & are potentially fatal.

Complications of pump failure

The most severe khung of pump failure is “cardiogenic shock”. If the systolic blood pressure is less than 90 mmHg, the patient will have oliguria, anuria, confusion, pale extremities, cold và wet, acidosis, sometimes manifested by periodic breathing (breathing at intervals).

Mechanical complications

Mechanical complications include rupture of the không lấy phí ventricular wall, perforation of the interventricular septum, ventricular wall aneurysm/pseudoaneurysm, và mitral regurgitation. They usually occur during the first week after a heart attack.

Thrombosis, thromboembolic complications

What makes these complications so dangerous is that they pose a high risk of recurrent myocardial infarction, leading to lớn extensive necrosis or additional myocardial necrosis in a new macrovascular embolism. The condition will get worse if the patient lies for too long or abuses diuretics.

Other early complications

Among the early complications, sudden death is the most severe complication. This complication occurs due to lớn rupture of the heart (most common), arrhythmias, cardiogenic shock, massive pulmonary embolism, coronary embolism in the left coronary artery.

Late complications of myocardial infarction

Dressler syndrome occurs late (at weeks 3-10), also known as post-myocardial infarction syndrome, post-cardiac injury syndrome, và post-pericardial syndrome.

Fever, chest pain when taking a deep breath.Increased trắng blood cells.Ventricular bulge.Chest pain.Heart failure.Inflammation around the shoulder joint.

5. How to lớn prevent or tư vấn heart attack treatment at home?

Today, with the advancement of medicine, up khổng lồ 80% of early heart attacks & strokes are preventable. Besides, experts also chú ý that following a healthy lifestyle also helps khổng lồ reduce the complications of a heart attack.

Healthy diet

You should eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean meats, fish & pulses with salt, sugar and minimize the use of unhealthy fats. In addition, alcohol should also be consumed in moderation:

For men: no more than 3 units of alcohol/dayFor women: no more than 2 units of alcohol/day

Do regular physical activity

You should do at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day. You bởi not need to do exercises that are too heavy. Instead, cycling, walking, aerobic ... Will be the subjects that help maintain cardiovascular fitness và help improve general health.

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Avoid using tobacco

Not only smokers, but even exposure to lớn secondhand smoke is dangerous to lớn the cardiovascular system. However, the risk of heart attack and stroke decreases immediately after a person stops using tobacco products and can be halved after 1 year.

6. How lớn detect disease?

Suppose symptoms such as pain, pressure or tightness in the chest, shortness of breath during physical exertion & disappear after sitting. In that case, you are at a very high risk of cardiovascular disease. At this time, you need lớn perform cardiovascular screening immediately to lớn prevent or have suitable control methods (if any).

Myocardial infarction

When any signs of cardiovascular disease appear, you should go khổng lồ a medical facility to check them.

7. Items khổng lồ be done when early screening for myocardial infarction và myocardial ischemia

Based on symptoms and examination: Consider the examiner's recent unusual signs. At the same time, other factors affecting the cardiovascular system were studied, such as family history, physical fitness assessment, weight and height measurement, body toàn thân mass index calculation, etc.

Electrocardiogram ECG: Used lớn monitor the activity, speed và rhythm of the heart.

Blood tests: Determine the risk of coronary heart disease through blood chạy thử parameters related to cholesterol (good/bad) và triglycerides.

Echocardiography: Assesses the structure & functioning of the heart, thereby being able to lớn detect abnormalities in the heart muscle, heart valves, irregular rhythms & sizes.

Stress ECG: The examiner will perform exercise exercises (walking on a rolling mat or stationary bicycle) lớn show how well the heart works during physical activity.

8. Methods of treatment & prevention of events

Control of risk factors: Control of risk factors plays a significant role in treating và preventing events caused by myocardial infarction. It is best lớn exercise regularly, eat good foods for the heart, avoid drinking too many alcoholic drinks and do other activities as prescribed by your doctor.

Taking medication to prevent events: Currently, many drugs tư vấn the treatment of myocardial infarction, such as aspirin (anticoagulant), beta-blockers (lower blood pressure), angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (help lower blood pressure). And protect the heart muscle). However, khổng lồ minimize the side effects & help the drug be highly effective, you should only use it when prescribed by your doctor.

PCI coronary stenting: This is a treatment for common cardiovascular diseases caused by narrowing the coronary arteries. PCI coronary stenting will help restore coronary perfusion. PCI coronary stents can range from 2 years khổng lồ permanent, depending on the type of stent used.

CABG bypass surgery: CABG bypass surgery connects the aorta lớn the coronary artery after the stenosis to supply oxygenated blood to the ischemic myocardium & ensure blood flow khổng lồ the heart. This improves symptoms, reduces the need for medication, và prolongs the patient's life.

The Cardiology Department of CarePlus Clinic System has experienced specialists và new generation equipment for early cardiovascular disease screening, such as Holter ECG Bittium Faros, bức xúc ECG, color Doppler Echocardiography, và many other modern types of equipment. Thereby helping to lớn diagnose the disease correctly và limit the use of drugs. At the same time, the doctors at CarePlus also consult carefully so that customers understand the condition and actively participate in the treatment.

Especially in emergency hospitalization, we can support consultation and contact significant hospitals such as People's Hospital 115, Heart Institute of Ho đưa ra Minh City, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Hospital, Children's Hospital, etc. Inpatient treatment is most convenient.

9. What to vì chưng when you or someone else shows symptoms of a heart attack?


Use medications prescribed by your doctor if you have been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.Call an ambulance.If you have learned first aid, you should vày it right away.

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Should not

Try to give first aid if you are not trained, as it can make the condition worse.Let someone with symptoms drive because the risk of causing an accident is very high.Arbitrarily taking drugs without the approval of a specialist

Myocardial infarction is very dangerous because of its high mortality rate và severe complications. However, the disease can completely prevent or reduce complications with a healthy lifestyle & regular cardiovascular screening as prescribed by the doctor.

For advice on the details of the cardiology package as well as how lớn make an appointment, please contact: