You"ve probably heard of high school transcripts, but vì chưng you know what information they contain và why they"re so important for applying to lớn college?

This guide will explain what a high school transcript is, what exactly it includes, and why it is often the most important part of your college application.Bạn đã xem: Academic transcript là gì

What Is a High School Transcript?

A high school transcript is basically a record of your academic accomplishments in high school. It lists every class you took, when you took them, & the grade you received in each class, sometimes along with additional information such as standardized kiểm tra scores & any honors you received. Every person enrolled in high school has a high school transcript, which is regularly updated as courses are completed.Bạn vẫn xem: Official transcript là gì

There are two versions of your high school transcript: official and unofficial. The two versions will usually look very similar or identical in terms of content, but an official transcript will often have a seal or tamper-proof marks on it or will be inside a sealed envelope. This is so people reading the official transcript can be certain no changes were made khổng lồ it after it was released by the school & that the information it contains is 100% accurate.

Bạn đang xem: Academic transcript là gì

Bạn đã xem: Official transcript là gì

Official transcripts often have to lớn be sent directly lớn by your high school in order khổng lồ remain official, while a transcript you print or copy yourself will be unofficial. Most colleges require you khổng lồ submit an official copy of your high school transcript when you apply, but if you just want to look at the information your transcript includes for your own personal use, an unofficial copy is fine.

Why vày You Need a High School Transcript?

So now you know what a high school transcript is, but why is it so important? High school transcripts are needed for several reasons:

#1: khổng lồ Apply khổng lồ College

Your high school transcript is probably the most important part of your college application, simply because it contains so much information about you: the classes you took, when you took them, how well you did in them, etc. Colleges will look over your transcript very carefully when you apply, so it"s important to understand what they"ll be looking for, which we"ll cover in the next section.

The majority of college applicants are high school seniors, and most of the college application advice out there is aimed at them. But what bởi vì you vì chưng if you don"t fall into this narrow category? Our eBook on how to lớn prepare for & apply lớn college as a nontraditional student will walk you through everything you need to know, from the coursework you should have under your belt to how to get letters of recommendation when you"re not a high school senior.


#2: khổng lồ Graduate High School or Transfer to a New High School

Before you head off khổng lồ college, you, of course, need to lớn finish high school, & your transcript will be what your high school looks at to lớn see if you can graduate. They will look khổng lồ make sure you took enough credits, completed each of the graduation requirements, & passed the necessary classes. If you transfer high schools, your new school will use your transcript lớn determine the classes you completed và which classes you should enroll in. When changing schools, you will have a transcript from each high school you attended, but your new school will also include information about the classes you took at your previous school, usually marking those classes as transfer credits.

#3: lớn Apply for Jobs

Some jobs require you to submit your high school transcript when you apply so they can look at your grades or make sure you have taken any classes they may require workers lớn have passed.


Grab a copy of your transcript and find the specific information mentioned as you read through the next part of this guide. If you don"t already have a copy of your transcript, ask your guidance counselor for one, or if you need more assistance, take a look at our guide to learn how khổng lồ get your high school transcript.

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What a High School Transcript Includes

Transcripts contain a lot of information, and at first glance it can be difficult to take it all in. This section will explain what a transcript includes, why this information is important, andways for you lớn determine if you"re on track for creating a strong one. The main components of a transcript are:

The Name of Each Course You Took in High School

The Grades You Got in Each Class

Why Is This Important?It shows schools and employers how well you grasped the material in each of your classes và how well you can be expected to vị in future classes. This is very important information to colleges because they want lớn accept students they feel will succeed in college classes.It allows colleges to lớn compare your grades and GPA to lớn other applicants và their school"s average entrance GPA.Colleges often pay special attention to lớn your grades that relate most closely khổng lồ the subject you plan lớn major in.Class rank shows how well you did academically compared khổng lồ the rest of your graduating class.Questions lớn Ask Yourself:Is your GPA close lớn the average entrance GPAs of the colleges you"re interested in?If you know what you will major in, bởi vì you have strong grades in the classes that relate to lớn that subject?Actions to Take:Find specific colleges’ average entrance GPA on their websites, & see how your current GPA compares.If you want to improve your grades, concentrate particularly closely on the classes that relate most to lớn your future major.


When You Took Each Class

The classes on your transcript are organized by date, with the classes you took first at the top, và your most recent classes at the bottom. Classes are grouped together by semester/trimester/quarter, depending on your school"s calendar.

Why Is This Important?It allows colleges to see the progression of your courses. Did you move from regular English your freshman year to lớn honors English your sophomore year? Did you sign up only for easy classes your senior year? Colleges use that information lớn help determine whether or not you challenged yourself each year of high school.It lets colleges and others see if and how your grades changed over time. Did you stumble a bit at the beginning of high school, but managed khổng lồ raise your GPA after that? Were there any semesters where your grades were significantly lower than other times?Questions to Ask Yourself:Have you been continuously challenging yourself with the classes you take? Does your transcript show this (such as honors or AP classes)?Were there any periods in high school when you got lower grades than usual?Actions khổng lồ Take:Make sure you continue to take challenging classes throughout high school, even during senior year, including honors & AP classes if possible.If there was a period of time when your grades dropped, và you have an explanation for it (illness, personal issue, etc.) attach a note to your application describing the situation, & ask your guidance counselor to lớn explain the situation in their letter of recommendation as well. Colleges can be very understanding about circumstances like that, especially if they see you made an effort to lớn improve your grades afterward.

Behavior Record

Some transcripts contain information such as the number of absences you have had and any serious disciplinary actions you have faced (such as suspensions, not minor issues like detention).

Why Is This Important?Colleges and employers want lớn make sure they’re accepting people who are serious about their commitments and will get along well with others. If a student regularly didn’t show up for class or had a serious disciplinary action, they may be hesitant to lớn accept or hire them.Ask Yourself:Is there any evidence of discipline or frequent absences on your transcript?Actions to Take:If the above applies lớn you, attach a letter to your application describing the situation và the ways you have worked lớn improve yourself since then. Be sure lớn avoid repeating the same mistakes.

Additional Information

Some high school transcripts contain additional information such as your scores for standardized tests, any honors or awards you received in school, & sometimes the volunteer work you did.

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What"s Next?

Wondering whether your GPA is good enough to lớn get you into the colleges you want? check out our guide to lớn figure out how strong your GPA is.

Unsure of where you want khổng lồ go to college? Learn how khổng lồ choose the best college for you!