Là Gì


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Go Back to lớn the Impact Challenge Table of ContentsWe’ll be honest – we thought long và hard about including this chapter và its activities in the OU Impact Challenge. and ResearchGate both seem attractive khổng lồ scholars, but they also have their tóm tắt of disadvantages & downsides.Ultimately, we decided to lớn include this information, because so many of you at OU have accounts on these two sites. A quick search turns up 3,849 OU-affiliated users on & 4,731 on ResearchGate! But instead of diving right into the “how tos,” we think it’s especially important to place these two sites into context & preface them with important considerations.

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Consideration #1: You Are Not the Customer

Similar to many of the other academic social networks we cover in the OU Impact Challenge, you are not the customer when you interact with these companies, even though you may feel lượt thích one. Instead, you are the hàng hóa that these services seek to lớn monetize and/or “offer up” lớn advertisers. We don’t fault businesses for making money; that is the imperative for them khổng lồ exist. But we also see và ResearchGate as an extension of those who monetize what many scholars believe should be freely shared.Importantly, if these companies are bought, sold, or go out of business, what would happen to lớn the nội dung you’ve placed there? This is one reason why it is advisable to lớn first upload items you want to giới thiệu – articles, preprints, postprints, conference posters, proceedings, slide decks, lesson plans, etc. – to SHAREOK (which we’ll be covering in Chapter 12 of the OU Impact Challenge). Librarians maintain an OU Faculty/Staff Collection and a Graduate Student Collection in SHAREOK where you can deposit your work. The items in SHAREOK are indexed by Google and Google Scholar, so they are searchable, findable, và downloadable by researchers around the world. OU librarians maintain the platform, the content, và the links. Most importantly, maintaining và preserving content is one of the core missions of the OU Libraries. We aren’t going out of business, so your nội dung on SHAREOK won’t go away either.


Consideration #2: You Might Be Breaking the Law

Consideration #3: Understand the Privacy Implications

Finally, some of these sites’ tactics are troubling from the standpoint of privacy & intellectual freedom. Personally & professionally, many find it distressing that a private company, which doesn’t adhere to the same professional ethics as librarians và other scholars do, collects information about who is reading what., in particular, then offers to tóm tắt that information with you if you subscribe to their “premium service.” & while their analytics dashboard doesn’t reveal readers’ names, it may provide enough information for you to know exactly who read your work.You may decide not to pay for’s premium service, but even so – what you view and download will still be tracked. This may not be troubling lớn you (the “I’m not doing anything wrong, so I don’t care” argument), but we think it sets a bad precedent. What about tracking researchers who study terrorism? Or whistleblowing? Or even climate change? How might people at these academic social media companies create profiles and make judgments about you based on what you are reading? và what will they vày with the information they collect, especially if asked for it by government entities?We’ve posted some additional reading & resources below. Và we will continue lớn cover some of these topics in the future, since they are highly relevant to lớn sharing scholarly work. If you’re still interested in and/or ResearchGate after reading these articles, we’ve gone ahead và included those activities further down below. We’ve purposefully kept these activities brief, at least for now. 

Make Profiles on and ResearchGate

You know all those things you wish your CV was smart enough to bởi – embed your papers, automatically give you readership statistics, & so on? và ResearchGate are two academic social networks that allow you to bởi vì these things and then some.They’re also places where your some of your colleagues are spending their time. Actively participating on one or both networks may give you an opportunity khổng lồ have greater reach with other researchers. And getting your publications and presentations onto these sites legally will make it easier for others to lớn encounter your work. They bởi this not only through the social network they help you build, but also by improving the search engine optimization (SEO) of your research, making you much more “Googleable.”Both platforms allow you to vị the following: Create a profile that summarizes your researchUpload your publications, so others can find themFind và follow other researchers, so you can receive automatic updates on their new publicationsFind & read others’ publicationsSee platform-specific metrics that indicate the readership & reach you have on those sitesLet’s dig into the basics of setting up profiles and uploading your work on these sites.

Getting Started on

Logon lớn If you’re a firm believer in keeping your professional online presence separate from your personal one, you’ll likely want khổng lồ sign up using your OU e-mail address. Otherwise, you can sign up using your Facebook or Google profile. From here, you’ll be directed through the basic signup process.



If you can post your article (or your preprint or postprint), upload it to lớn by clicking the green “Upload” button near the vị trí cao nhất of the window & navigating lớn the publication you want to lớn upload.Once it’s uploaded, hit the big blue “Continue” button, và you’ll be asked if you’re uploading a published or unpublished work. The title of your publication will then be automatically extracted. Make any corrections necessary khổng lồ the title, and địa chỉ co-authors and an abstract. Note that if your co-authors aren’t already on, the only way to địa chỉ cửa hàng them is khổng lồ provide their email address and will send them an invitation to lớn join the site. địa chỉ cửa hàng “research interests,” which are keyword that will help others find your publication. Select the type of publication from the drop down menu, and then click “Save và Finish.” From there you’ll be taken lớn a full-page ad asking if you’d lượt thích to upgrade lớn the Premium version of


Fill Out Your Profile

Connect With Others

Now let’s connect with your colleagues who are already on You can either connect your Facebook tài khoản or an thư điện tử account to, which will search your contacts và suggest connections.You now have an profile! You can continue to spruce it up by adding more publications, as well as adding a photo of yourself, other research interests and publications, và connecting your Academia profile to lớn the other services we’ve covered lượt thích ORCiD, GoogleScholar, Twitter, và LinkedIn. See how this might be coming together?!? Homework

Now that you have a profile, phối aside half an hour khổng lồ explore two uses of Exploring “research interests” in order to lớn discover other researchers và publications; andGetting more of your most important publications online; andResearch interests: On your profile page, only your first research interest is visible (followed by a number in parenthesis, which represents how many additional research interests you have). Hover your mouse over your research interest to make the others appear, và then click on one of them. You will be taken to a page with uploaded papers tagged with the same research interest.Towards the top of the page, notice you’re on the “Papers” view. There’s also a “People” view that will take you to the profiles of scholars with similar interests. For the tìm kiếm results that appear, take some time khổng lồ explore the profiles và papers of others who chia sẻ your interest(s) & follow anyone that looks interesting.We’re willing lớn bet you’ll find scholars và papers that you weren’t aware of before. You can also use the search to look for research interests outside of the ones you’ve got listed in your profile và explore those tìm kiếm results too.

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Make a Profile on ResearchGate

Next, we’ll help you with the other major player in the scholarly social network space, ResearchGate. ResearchGate claims 15 million users, và it will help you connect with many researchers who aren’t on It can also help you understand your readers through platform-specific metrics, và confirm your status as a helpful expert in your field with their “Q&A” feature.Given ResearchGate’s similarity to lớn, we won’t rehash the basics of setting up a profile & getting your publications online. Go ahead & sign up, mix up your account (remember to add detailed affiliation information & a photo), and showroom a publication or two.Got your basic profile up & running? Great! Let’s drill down into those three quality features of ResearchGate.

Find other researchers & publications

Finding other researchers & publications on ResearchGate works a bit differently than on ResearchGate automatically suggests research interests and connections for you based on who you’ve cited, who you follow và what discipline you selected when setting up your profile.Therefore, key to lớn creating a robust network is uploading papers with citations to lớn be text-mined và searching for and following other researchers in your field. Until you’ve done this, ResearchGate can be a bit of a struggle khổng lồ use effectively.Searching for other researchers in your field is easy: use the search bar at the đứng top of the screen & type in your colleague’s name. Click on your colleague’s name in the search results khổng lồ be taken lớn their profile, where you can explore their publications, co-authors, and so on, and also follow them to lớn receive updates & suggestions for similar scholars. Here we’ve searched for and found Carl Dahlman:

ResearchGate also text-mines the publications you’ve uploaded to find out who you’ve cited. Using that information, they add both researchers you’ve cited & those who have cited you lớn your network. Your network also includes colleagues from your department và institution. You can view & interact with your network down the right side of your profile page where you’ll see them broken up into: FollowingFollowersCited ByCitesTop co-authorsAgain, you must actively follow others and upload your work in order for your network lớn appear in this way. 

Click on the blue “Follow” to lớn follow a scholar whose work you already know. Or click on the author’s name to be taken to lớn their profile. On the author’s profile you can explore their publications, & if you find an interesting one just click the paper title to lớn read the paper. This makes adding new colleague to lớn your network a snap and finding new papers a breeze!

ResearchGate Score và Stats

If you’re into metrics, the ResearchGate score & stats offer lots lớn explore. The ResearchGate score is an indicator of your engagement on the site: the more publications và followers you have, plus the more questions you ask and answer, all showroom up khổng lồ your score. We’ll use Carl Dahlman’s profile as an example again:

ResearchGate also helpfully provides a percentile (seen above on the right-hand side), so you know how a score stacks up against other users on the site. The score isn’t normalized by field, though, so beware that using the score khổng lồ compare yourself to lớn others isn’t recommended.Some other downsides to lớn be aware of: ResearchGate scores don’t take into account whether you’re first author on a paper, they weigh site participation much more highly than other (more important) indicators of your scientific prowess, and don’t reflect the reality of who’s a high-impact scientist in many fields. So, caveat emptor.All that said, ResearchGate scores are fun to play around with và explore. Just be sure not khổng lồ take them too seriously.The ResearchGate stats (viewable only on your own profile page when you are logged in) are also illuminating: they tell you how often your publications have been viewed và cited on ResearchGate (recently & over time), what your top publications are, & the popularity of your profile và any questions you may have asked on the site’s Q&A section.A similar caveat: like stats, ResearchGate stats are only for content hosted on ResearchGate, so it can’t tell you much about readership or citations of your work that’s hosted on other platforms. Và since it’s likely that your entire field isn’t active on ResearchGate that means ResearchGate stats aren’t representative of your full impact.

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We’ve covered many of the limitations of & ResearchGate in the first section of this chapter. But there is yet another one. It has been pointed out that và ResearchGate are information silos – you put information and effort into the site, but you can’t easily extract và reuse it later. This is absolutely correct. That’s a big downside of these services và a great reason lớn make sure you’ve claimed your ORCiD in Chapter 1.One solution to this drawback (and the ones mentioned above) is to limit the amount of time you spend adding new content to your profiles on these sites, & instead use them as a kind of “landing page” that can simply help others find you và three or four of your most important publications. Even if you don’t have all your publications on either site, their social networking features may still be useful lớn make connections & increase readership for your most important work.

ResearchGate Homework

Set up your ResearchGate profile and địa chỉ cửa hàng at least three publications you think deserve attention. Next, tìm kiếm for at least five colleagues or well-known scholars in your field & follow each of them. Once you’ve established a network, take 10 minutes lớn explore them và their publications.Next, try out a broader search in ResearchGate by searching for a key word in your discipline. Below, we searched for “ocean acoustic environment” and found researchers, publications, projects, questions, and more: